Libmonster ID: UK-752
Author(s) of the publication: Rudolf BALANDIN

It is common practice to call oil "black gold" in periodicals. But it is true only in the allegoric interpretation, if we mean budget revenues from oil sales. There is a great number of natural liquid hydrocarbons different in color and consistence. Some of them are transparent, with shades depending on admixtures. Black and viscous oils with a high level of paraffins are less valuable and are more difficult to extract. It is no wonder that manufacturers striving to get maximum profit are trying to pump out "light" liquid oil whose reserves are globally and rapidly reducing. That is why the problem of finding effective extraction methods of its "heavy" varieties is on the agenda.

This and some other problems were discussed at the All-Russia Scientific and Practical Conference "Extraction, Preparation, and Transportation of Oil and Gas" held in Tomsk (in the context of 400th anniversary of this Siberian city) in autumn of 2004. That is not accidental: thermal methods are often used at deposits with high-viscosity oil. Productive horizon steam injection is a predominant method. To control steam passage scientists developed technologies with the use of inorganic gel, whose heat resistance is up to 350°C.

Another important issue is loss of pressure in layers in the course of liquid mineral extraction. To stabilize the pressure manufacturers inject water. But eventually water turns into an enemy: at some oil fields the level of water content makes up 82 percent. How to solve this problem?

Siberian specialists developed a gel-technology: water solutions with special admixtures are injected into wells. This solution turns into a gel in the layer and forms a protective screen which prevents invasion of water into the most permeable layers. Then it is made to leak where the oil is, forcing it out.

Such screens are formed using different reagents (organic substances, emulsions, polymer gels) depending on specific peculiarities of oil fields: temperature, mineralization, rock permeability, extraction phases, etc. These methods are popular and promising due to their cost-effectiveness and short pay-back period (several months).

Employees of the RAS (Siberian branch) Institute of Oil Chemistry achieved a substantial success in development and introduction of new technologies intensifying oil recovery. Major Russian companies such as Lukoil, Slavneft, Surgutneftegaz, YUKOS and some foreign enterprises (in particular, Middle East companies) have demonstrated interest in their work. Notwithstanding the fact that companies of the Persian Gulf area do not feel lack of hydrocarbon raws, local managers are worried about professional field development with maximum oil extraction level. These problems are discussed at a government level: it is necessary to keep national wealth for future generations.

Russia has only recently turned to ecological and economically sound principles of the use of natural resources. After commercialization of oil industry, oil-extracting companies have become interested in obtaining maximum profit in the shortest period. But national and state interests stipulate complete extraction of hydrocarbon raws. The Law On Mineral Wealth adopted in the country as well as the achievements of Russian specialists discussed at the above-mentioned conference serve this purpose.

Nauka v Sibiri (Science in Siberia), 2004

Prepared by Rudolf BALANDIN


© elibrary.org.uk

Permanent link to this publication:

https://elibrary.org.uk/m/articles/view/HOW-TO-PRODUCE-OIL

Similar publications: LGreat Britain LWorld Y G


Publisher:

English LibraryContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: https://elibrary.org.uk/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

Rudolf BALANDIN, HOW TO PRODUCE OIL? // London: British Digital Library (ELIBRARY.ORG.UK). Updated: 25.09.2018. URL: https://elibrary.org.uk/m/articles/view/HOW-TO-PRODUCE-OIL (date of access: 22.05.2024).

Publication author(s) - Rudolf BALANDIN:

Rudolf BALANDIN → other publications, search: Libmonster Great BritainLibmonster WorldGoogleYandex

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Related topics
Publisher
English Library
London, United Kingdom
493 views rating
25.09.2018 (2065 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes
Related Articles
SUMMARY
Catalog: Other 
62 days ago · From Jack Dowly
INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE DURING THE BATTLE OF SINEVODA"
Catalog: History 
66 days ago · From Jack Dowly
return. but how?
Catalog: Geography 
74 days ago · From Jack Dowly
ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY IN IRAQI KURDISTAN
Catalog: Military science 
76 days ago · From Jack Dowly
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES OF THE GCC COUNTRIES
Catalog: Economics 
77 days ago · From Jack Dowly
SUMMARY
Catalog: Other 
79 days ago · From Jack Dowly
AN IMMIGRANT
Catalog: Sociology 
79 days ago · From Jack Dowly
KAZAKHSTAN'S POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND KAZAKH-EGYPTIAN RELATIONS
Catalog: Political science 
79 days ago · From Jack Dowly
EU TRADE AND ECONOMIC POLICY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN: SUCCESSES AND FAILURES
Catalog: Political science 
80 days ago · From Jack Dowly
REGIONAL BANKS IN AFRICA: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROSPECTS
Catalog: Economics 
80 days ago · From Jack Dowly

New publications:

Popular with readers:

News from other countries:

ELIBRARY.ORG.UK - British Digital Library

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.
Library Partners

HOW TO PRODUCE OIL?
 

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: UK LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

British Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2023-2024, ELIBRARY.ORG.UK is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Keeping the heritage of the Great Britain


LIBMONSTER NETWORK ONE WORLD - ONE LIBRARY

US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android