IN JAPAN, A GENERATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE WHO DO NOT WANT TO MAKE A CAREER HAS GROWN UP "God forbid that we should live in an era of change," Confucius said. Current Japanese youth - 20 - 30-summer boys and girls were born at a time when the country was stable, and now they have to live "in an era of change." Stability was ensured by the system of labor relations adopted since the 1950s and supported by the country's administration and business circles, based on lifelong employment, gradual salary increases in accordance with the length of service in the company and the firm structure of trade unions. First of all, thanks to this, Japan, according to economists, survived the "oil shocks" of the 1970s better than other industrial countries, promptly and successfully restructured industry and the economy as a whole, freed itself from unprofitable extractive industries, low-profit energy-intensive industries, while maintaining leadership in science-intensive, high-value-added sub-sectors. The overwhelming majority of parents of today's young Japanese people considered themselves "middle class" in surveys conducted at that time, with a small income gap between the extreme strata of the population. Unemployment was at 2%, and employers ' offers exceeded the number of school, college, and university graduates. With most of them, employees of human resources departments of companies and firms signed preliminary employment contracts in advance, even six months before the final exams. I must say that both parties, both employees and employers, strictly observed the provisions of labor agreements, both collective and individual. Employers, often to the detriment of their economic interests, sought to provide employment for members of production teams, and employees eagerly fulfilled their duties under the motto: "What's good for the company is good for me." A typical example. In the 1980s, a group of foreign journalists was invited to the leading Japanese news agency Kyodo Tsush ... Read more

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English Library · 47 days ago 0 22
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03.06.2024 (47 days ago)
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