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The collapse of the wave function is natural

In 1803, Thomas Jung directed a beam of light onto an opaque screen with two slits. Instead of the expected two streaks of light on the projection screen, he saw several streaks, as if two waves of light were interfering from each slit.

Over the course of two centuries, many experiments have been performed that have shown that not only light, but any single elementary particle and even some molecules behave like a wave, passing through both slits at the same time.

However, if we put sensors at the slits that determine which slit the particle passes through, then the interference pattern disappears.

The experiment leaves two questions unclear.

1. As a single particle, it passes through both slits at the same time.

2. Why does the interference picture disappear when installing the sensors?

In our opinion, microparticles acquire pseudo-wave properties only in experiments. Outside of experiments, in objective reality, in nature, microparticles do not possess wave properties.

In experiments, microparticles acquire pseudo-wave properties due to the fact that microparticles, in addition to mass, have energy. A photon, for example, in addition to mass, emits energy of a particular temperature and of a particular color, an electron, in addition to mass, emits electric and magnetic fields, and so on.

Therefore, microparticles easily pass through two slits at the same time, meaning that the photon itself or an electron passes through one slit, and part of its energy passes through the other slit. This is where the effect is born, when the photon interferes with itself.

When sensors for the passage of microparticles through the slit are placed on the slit, and the sensors record the passage of a photon, but do not record the passage of a part of its energy through the slit, here the microparticles, from a pseudo wave, turn into normal microparticles that do not have wave properties, therefore the interference picture disappears.

 

 

Коллапс волновой функции закономерен 

В 1803 году Томас Юнг направил пучок света на непрозрачную ширму с двумя прорезями. Вместо ожидаемых двух полосок света на проекционном экране он увидел несколько полос, как если бы произошла интерференция двух волн света из каждой прорези.

За два века было поставлено множество экспериментов, которые показали, что не только свет, но любая одиночная элементарная частица и даже некоторые молекулы ведут себя как волна, проходя через обе щели одновременно.

Однако если поставить у щелей датчики, которые определяют, через какую именно щель частица проходит, то интерференционная картинка исчезает.

Эксперимент оставляет неясными два вопроса.

1. Как одиночная частица проходит через обе щели одновременно.

2. Почему при установке датчиков интерференционная картинка исчезает.

По нашему мнению микрочастицы приобретают псевдо волновые свойства только в экспериментах. Вне экспериментов, в объективной реальности, в природе, микрочастицы волновыми свойствами не обладают.

В экспериментах же микрочастицы приобретают псевдо волновые свойства за счёт того, что микрочастицы кроме массы имеют энергию. Фотон, к примеру, кроме массы излучает энергию той или иной температуры и того или иного цвета, электрон, кроме массы излучает электрический и магнитный поля, и так далее.

Поэтому микрочастицы без труда проходят через две щели одновременно, имея в виду то, что сам фотон или электрон проходит через одну щель, а часть его энергии проходит через другую щель. Здесь-то и рождается эффект, когда фотон интерферирует «сам с собой».

Когда же на щели ставят датчики прохода микрочастиц через щель, а датчики фиксируют проход фотона, но не фиксируют проход через щель части его энергии, – здесь-то микрочастицы, из псевдо волны, превращаются в нормальные микрочастицы, не имеющие волновых свойств, поэтому интерференционная картинка исчезает.


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The collapse of the wave function is natural // London: British Digital Library (ELIBRARY.ORG.UK). Updated: 13.06.2021. URL: https://elibrary.org.uk/m/articles/view/The-collapse-of-the-wave-function-is-natural (date of access: 22.05.2024).

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